Il Commento

Un rapporto difficile. Romania e Stati Uniti nel periodo interbellico

di Giuseppe Motta

un rapporo difficile. Romania e Stati Uniti nel periodo interbellico FrancoAngeli, Milano 2006


The end of the first world war saw the starting of the experience of Great Rumania (România Mare), a State of big dimensions which at the Paris peace talks acquired the historic regions of Transylvania, Bessarabia, Dobrudja and Bucovine. This period, often referred to as the golden period of Rumanian democracy, is however marked by complex economic problems and a strong instability that features the new post–Versailles international system. This is deeply influenced by the American peace program based on the principle of the people self–determination and on the division between the States aspiring to a treaty revision and the ones wishing to maintain the international status quo. Rumania, held in the grip of Hungary, Bulgaria and Soviet Union, is besides upset by serious internal troubles involving the antisemite and anti–royalist extremists and King Carol II as well. The birth and development of Rumanian fascism arouse the interest of the State Department, which, though faithful to the Monroe doctrine, follows with attention European events and Rumanian political life. The interest of American diplomacy is focused on the condition of the Jewish people but also on the Rumanian oil industry, a field in which Washington clashes with the prin noi inşine (through ourselves alone) pursued by Bucarest. Thanks to a rich documentation collected at the National Archives and the Rumanian Foreign Affairs Ministry, this study offers a point of view absolutely new and original on a historical period of particular interest for Rumanian historiography. It moreover analyses the diplomatic relations between Rumania and the United States, that is to say a topic that will provide further elements of research during the years of socialism and those of the post–communist transition.












Pagina modificata Thursday 23 October 2008